How Sperm Donation Contracts Work
When trying to conceive a child, it is not uncommon to use a sperm donor. Between 2015 and 017, there were more than 440,000 women who went through this process, which marked a substantial increase over the previous decade. If you use a sperm donor in New Jersey or Pennsylvania, you can create a donor agreement beforehand that details all the rights that the parents and donor have in the future.
What Is a Sperm Donor?
Sperm donation occurs when a fertile man sells or gives sperm to an infertile couple or individual. Donated sperm can be used for several different types of artificial insemination, which include in vitro fertilization (IVF), intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), and intrauterine insemination (IUI).
There are several reasons why sperm donation is sought. For instance, it might be necessary when a male partner has a genetic defect that he doesn’t want to pass on, has low sperm counts, or has issues with sperm being blocked from effectively leaving his body. In addition, many single women and female couples who want to become pregnant will do so via a sperm donation.
What to Consider When Selecting a Sperm Donor
When attempting to select a sperm donor, many couples discuss the characteristics they want the donor to have to narrow their options. For instance, it’s possible to see a photo of the donor beforehand. You might also prefer that the donor’s physical characteristics be similar to at least one of the parents.
The donor’s health history is essential for many couples seeking a sperm donor. However, there can also be issues considered deal-breakers for one or both parents, which could be anything from not having earned a college degree to having a family history of health conditions like Alzheimer’s.
What Is a Sperm Donation Contract?
Sperm donation contracts are legal agreements between the sperm donor and parents. They detail the obligations and rights of all parties involved with the arrangement. Keep in mind that sperm donation contracts differ from donor agency contracts and can be customized to suit the needs of each party. The details that can be provided in this agreement include everything from future contact to anonymity preferences.
These contracts can be beneficial to note how local laws protect all parties. Our New Jersey adoption lawyer can help you understand what a sperm donation contract is and why you should consider making one before going through this process.
Information to Include in a Sperm Donation Contract
There are many different pieces of information that can be placed in a sperm donation contract to make sure that every party is comfortable with the arrangement. For instance, the obligations, rights, and intent of the sperm donor and prospective parents will be established in this document. An escrow account or trust can also be made if the donor is expected to be compensated.
The prospective parents’ control over the sperm and embryos will be detailed in a sperm donation contract. These contracts will be outfitted with comprehensive written resolutions about potential liabilities, conflicts, and risks. In addition, some case-specific terms can be agreed upon, which extend to travel expenses, future contact, insurance to cover complications, canceled cycles, donor reimbursement, and the timeline of medical treatments.
Difference Between Open and Closed Donations
Several different types of sperm donations can occur, which include closed, semi-open, and open. An open arrangement is one where all parties will be aware of each other and likely communicate during the process. Fast performances occur when both parties remain anonymous and won’t have future contact. Semi-open accounts arise when the parties have limited details about the other but might be open to communication.
Before using a known sperm donor, several issues might come into play. First, in many cases, known sperm donors are selected to avoid sperm banks where sperm donations are frozen. The main problem with bypassing this system is that comprehensive testing is performed on donor sperm at sperm banks to identify any genetic conditions or sexually transmitted diseases that might be present.
When selecting a known sperm donor, a sperm donation contract can list requirements that the donor must meet before the process continues. For instance, the donor may be asked to agree to independent testing before the parents sign the contract. They might also be asked to refrain from using drugs or participating in high-risk activities until the sperm is donated.
Another risk with a known donor is that he will eventually change his mind about anonymity. If the rights of the sperm donor aren’t written out in a contract, the sperm donor may take legal action.
If you’re interested in using a sperm donor and want to make sure that your legal rights are protected, call our New Jersey adoption lawyer today at (856) 429-5005 to schedule a consultation.